Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation
Between Sub-Saharan Africa and Europe

Policy Context

Africa-EU STI policy landscape



The responsibility for formulating the Malagasy research policy lies with ministry responsible for the scientific research, currently the Ministry of Higher Education and Research.

Profile developed by: Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria (data as at 2013). To submit comments and/or requests for corrections, write to 


Outline of Research and Innovation System

At the operational level, the most important actors in the Malagasy research system are the eight national research centres and institutes:

  1. National Centre for Industrial and Technological Research (CNRIT);
  2. National Research Centre for Environment (CNRE);
  3. National Research Centre for Applied Pharmaceutical (CNARP);
  4. National Centre for Oceanographic Research (CNRO);
  5. Botanical and Zoological Park of Antananarivo (PBZT);
  6. National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technique (INSTN);
  7. Malagasy Institute for Vaccine and Veterinary (IMVAVET);
  8. Centre for Scientific and Technical Information and Documentation (CIDST).

These research centres and institutes operate under the guidance of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MHESR). In addition, there are two research centres, the National Centre of Applied Research for Rural Development (FOFIFA) and the Applied Research Centre for Livestock and Agriculture (FIFAMANOR) operating under the guidance of the Ministry of Agriculture. Until recently, FOFIFA had operated under the  Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MHESR). FIFAMOR operates under a memorandum of co-operation between the governments of Madagascar and Norway.  

These research centers and institutes are state enterprises (also known as public, industrial and commercial enterprises) and thus are financially autonomous. In addition, there are two private national institutes: the Malagasy Institute of Applied Research (IMRA) focusing on research on traditional medicines and food plants, and the Institut Pasteur de Madagascar (IPM) focusing on research on health issues. IPM operates under the guidance of the Ministry of Health.

Some research activities are also undertaken in other ministries, such as the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Water, which oversees the National Forestry grain reserve (SNGF) and in international NGOs such as Catholic Relief Service (CRS) and national NGOs such as the Direct Seeding Association (GSDM) and Forestry Farmer Association (FAFIALA). These NGOs mostly conduct research related to agricultural development. Furthermore, some international research organisations operate in Madagascar, for example CoopĂ©ration Internationale en Recherche  Agronomique  pour le DĂ©veloppement (CIRAD), International Research for Development Center  (IDRC) and German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GIZ).Higher education organisations, notably doctoral schools, also play a role in the Malagasy research system.  These higher education institutions cooperate with foreign universities or research institutes.

S&T Policy

The overall goal of the Malagasy research policy is to advance social progress and economic development in respect of environment. The strategic goals of the Malagasy research system are:

  • to participate in the conception and implementation of National research policy for  sustainable development (Rio +20, June 2012);
  • to encourage and contribute to the generation of innovation;
  • to strengthen the adaptation and adoption of outside technologies while developing local knowledge and valorising natural resources; and
  • to transfer and upscale research results to end-users.

The Director of Research steers research activities carried out by the national research centres and institutes and coordinates the collaboration in regional and international research networks, which are contracted through conventions and agreements between different partners. 

Key R&D Figures

Research and development expenditure (% of GDP)

Source: World Development Indicators (WDI) & Global Development Finance (GDF)

It has to be noted that it is difficult to estimate the total funding allocated to the whole research system, because of the number of actors and complex distribution of tasks. However, some data provided by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research may provide some very approximate percentage of the NBP contribution to the research activities conducted across the country.

Table: National contribution to research activities





NBP (109 $)a




National Contribution (109 $)b








Source: CIA World Factbook, Version of March 11, 2012

Download Supporting Documents

  • Madagascar Country Profile (AfDB)


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